|Security Council reaffirms R2P in Resolution on Protection of Civilians|
|Friday, 28 April 2006 07:36|
UN Security Council Resolutions Reaffirm Support for RtoP
The Protection of Civilians Open Debates
On 28 April 2006, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1674 on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict (POC). Resolution 1674 contains the first official Security Council reference to the responsibility to protect by reaffirming the provisions on RtoP within paragraphs 138 and 139 of the WSOD. It also notes the Council’s readiness to address gross violations of human rights, as genocide and mass crimes against humanity may constitute threats to international peace and security.
On 28 June 2006, the Security Council held its first open debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict. Since then, the Council has held semi-annual open debates to take stock of developments in the area of protection of civilians and assess progress in the implementation of the commitments made in Resolution 1674. Governments were overwhelmingly positive in affirming their support for RtoP during the first open debate, as well as in subsequent debates.
On 11 November 2009, during the eighth open debate on the POC, the Security Council reaffirmed its commitment to prevent the victimization of civilians in armed conflict and end ongoing violence against civilians around the world in Resolution 1894. This Resolution, the second passed by the Security Council under this agenda, recognizes that States have the primary responsibility to protect their population and reaffirms the provisions on RtoP within paragraphs 138 and 139 of the WSOD. More than twenty Member States mentioned RtoP in their statements, recognizing that sovereignty includes responsibilities of the state to protect populations from mass atrocities, and that it is the responsibility of the international community to assist national governments in fulfilling their protection obligations. Several Member States, mainly European, also welcomed the July 2009 General Assembly debate on implementing RtoP and the consequent Resolution on RtoP.