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18 April 2006
In this issue:
Featured Article
reventing Future Genocides: An International Responsibility to Protect by WFM-IGPs William Pace and Nicole Deller published in the latest issue of World Order, the quarterly publication of the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahis of the United States.
Visit the R2PCS website to read the article:
http://www.responsibilitytoprotect.org/index.php/civil_society_statements/542?theme=alt1
Featured Event
Meet the R2PCS team at the info fair at The Best Hope for Peace in Darfur, a panel featuring Nicholas Kristof, Mark Malloch Brown, Juan Mendez, and Tragi Mustafa, on April 19th in New York. Visit our events calendar at http://www.responsibilitytoprotect.org/index.php/pages/4 for more information.
Article Summary
More politicians use R2P to call for action on Darfur
1. The Observer (UK): Darfur Children Deserve Our Protection
2. The Ottawa Citizen (CA): Stronger Words Can Lead to Action on Darfur
Latest Developments Darfur and Chad
3. The NY Times (US): U.S. Envoy to Expose Four Sudanese in UN Debate about Darfur
4. UN News Centre: Chad Reassures UN It Will Not Forcibly Return 200,000 Sudanese Refugees
5. The Economist (UK): Sudanese Obstruction is Not the Only Problem the UN Faces in Darfur

1. DARFUR CHILDREN DESERVE OUR PROTECTION
The Observer
By William Hague
16 April 2006
()In the context of such suffering, and the blatant and immediate need for humanitarian help on a massive scale, the decision by the government of Sudan to bar UN relief co-ordinator Jan Egeland from Darfur is as perverse as it is deplorable. It is not, however, atypical. The government appears to pursue a systematic policy of making life difficult for the NGOs and international organisations working to help the people of Darfur ()

With the exception of these brave individuals, the world's response to the crisis in Darfur has been feeble. Sudan's status as an Islamic government, oil exporter and a significant importer of arms has proven to be a successful deterrent against any united international action. ()

Further, we must not allow the government in Khartoum to operate in a culture of impunity. Asset and travel sanctions against individuals responsible for planning and assisting ethnic cleansing in Darfur should be robustly applied. And we should insist on Sudan's co-operation with the special investigations of the International Criminal Court in Darfur in accordance with UN resolution 1593.

If the responsibility to protect so enthusiastically embraced by the international community last year is to mean anything, we must take action in Darfur. Ethnic cleansing is happening before the eyes of the international community. At the main airport used by AU forces, we saw Sudanese government helicopters that, we were told, were being used in attacks. In future years, when we look back at the terrible crimes that were committed in Darfur, we may be able to find excuses and explanations for failing to take action, but we will certainly not be able to plead ignorance.
William Hague is shadow foreign secretary
Full text: http://observer.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,,1754812,00.html

2. STRONGER WORDS CAN LEAD TO ACTION ON DARFUR
The Ottawa Citizen
By Kate Heartfield
16 April 2006
Keith Martin, [a member of Parliament] is nothing if not outspoken about the continuing massacre in Darfur, in the west of Sudan. The government in Khartoum tries to pass itself off as an impotent bystander, while the thugs called Janjaweed raze and rape and kill. Meanwhile, the government continues to fund and support the Janjaweed. ()
Mr. Martin is using his new freedom to ask the House of Commons to call Darfur a genocide. Calling it a genocide is important only because it forces politicians to take it seriously, as has happened in the United States. Whether it's a crime against humanity or a genocide, it's a massive, sustained, one-sided attack on civilians and it's spilling over at least one border. It's the kind of situation described in the "Responsibility to Protect" document, endorsed by the United Nations and championed by Canada.
Mr. Martin's motion asks Canada to "order its representative at the United Nations to bring forward a motion to the Security Council calling for the deployment of a peacekeeping force to Darfur under a Chapter 7 mandate as soon as possible." ()
Full text:
http://www.canada.com/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=f8f063a1-5e7a-4464-841a-159819ab2694

(pay subscription required)

3. U.S. ENVOY TO EXPOSE 4 SUDANESE IN UN DEBATE ABOUT DARFUR
The New York Times
By Warren Hodge
18 April 2006
John R. Bolton, the United States ambassador, said Monday that he intended to offer a Security Council resolution on Tuesday that would publicly identify four Sudanese individuals responsible for atrocities in Darfur and possibly force a vote on whether the panel would impose sanctions on them.

"We've been pushing sanctions for years, and the effort was always to make it clear to the government in Khartoum that there would be individual consequences," Mr. Bolton said in a telephone interview. ()

On Monday, China said it opposed the sanctions, and Russia said it backed China's view. Wang Guangya, the Chinese ambassador, said that taking action now would complicate African Union-sponsored peace talks on the conflicted Darfur region under way in Abuja

The four including a member of government, as well as fighters from pro- and anti-government militias are charged with committing atrocities and undermining peace efforts in Darfur. The sanctions include travel bans and freezes on assets.

Mr. Bolton said he was surprised by the response of China and Russia, despite the two countries' traditional reluctance to endorse sanctions, because these were aimed at individuals rather than countries. ()
Full text: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/18/world/africa/18sudan.html

4. CHAD REASSURES UN IT WILL NOT FORCIBLY RETURN 200,000 SUDANESE REFUGEES
United Nations News Centre
17 April 2006
Chadian President Idriss Deby, who last week threatened to expel 200,000 Sudanese following clashes with rebels, has assured the United Nations refugee agency that they will not be forcibly returned and that Chad will abide by international principles.

resident Deby expressed his understandable concern about the difficulties involved in providing security both to the refugees and to the humanitarian organisations that are helping them, UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Antnio Guterres said in a statement today after speaking to Mr. Deby last night.

The president issued his threat to return the refugeesafter the Chadian Government and rebels clashed in N'Djamena, the capital.

I spoke with Chadian President Idriss Deby Itnoand am pleased to report that he has reaffirmed that refugees will not be refouled [forcibly returned] and Chad will abide by international principles, Mr. Guterres said.

NHCR strongly appeals to the international community and its various organizations to do everything possible to urgently establish peace and security in Darfur, which is essential for the stability of the entire region, he added ()

In New York, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan welcomed President Debys decision not to carry out his threat of pushing out the refugees and described the efforts of the world body to defuse the situation between Chad and Sudan. ()

f you have another escalation in Chad you risk destabilizing the whole region, not just Chad but also the Central African Republic, a sort of domino effect that we have seen in the Great Lakes region, he cautioned. ()
Full text: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=18155&Cr=Chad&Cr1
Related article:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/16/AR2006041600902.html


5. SUDANESE OBSTRUCTION IS NOT THE ONLY PROBLEM THE UN FACES IN DARFUR
The Economist
12 April 2006
()But on a barge journey up the Nile from Juba, surrounded, he says, by naked
Dinka herdsmen, Mr Egeland received a satellite call informing him that he
was not welcome in Darfur

A more likely explanation is that the Sudanese government was afraid of the
haunting television images that might come out of Mr Egeland's trip. For Mr
Egeland considers Sudan, and particularly Darfur, to be the world's worst
humanitarian crisis, along with Congo. South Sudan is getting only a
fraction of what it needs to rebuild after a peace agreement was signed last
year between the government in Khartoum and the southern Sudanese rebels.
Meanwhile, the obfuscating in Darfur shows how little the Sudanese
government can be trusted to look after its own citizens there. Mr Egeland
still has to give his report on Darfur to the UN Security Council on April
20th. "I will not mince my words," he says. And there is the chance that he
could yet call Sudan's bluff and attempt to return to Darfur in the coming
months.

The Sudanese government is particularly unhappy about a proposal that would
see the 7,000-strong African Union force in Darfur, which is widely regarded
as ineffectual, replaced by a more robust UN deployment within a year
That is all very well on paper. But senior UN officials privately admit that
they cannot see where the required troops are going to come from

Meanwhile, the latest round of talks between Darfur's various rebel groups
and the Sudanese government has failed to produce a ceasefire agreement.
Even if one does eventually emerge, new problems await any would-be
peacekeepers. These go beyond enforcing whatever ceasefire is agreed and
stopping the raids by Sudanese-backed forces into neighbouring Chad. There
is also the question of how to provide some sort of sustainable life for
Darfurians. This conflict started with poverty, water shortages and the
scarcity of grazing for animals. It will not end without some solution for
these ills.
Full text: http://www.economist.com/displaystory.cfm?story_id=6803213&fsrc=nwl
 

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