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26 September 2006
Responsibility to Protect Engaging Civil Society
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In this issue:

[R2P in the News, Darfur ]


List of Articles:
I. R2P in the News
1) CITY OF CHICAGO ADOPTS RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT
RESOLUTION

II. Darfur
1) SUDAN SANCTIONS BILL PASSES IN HOUSE, HEADS TO PRESIDENT
2) SUDAN TO DEPLOY NEW FORCES ALONG WITH AU TROOPS IN
DARFUR : PRESIDENT
3) SPECIAL REPORT: SUDAN THREE YEARS OF CARNAGE' 200,000 DEAD'
MILLION DISPLACED' ONE QUESTION
4) SECURITY COUNCIL EXTENDS THE MANDATE OF THE UN MISSION IN
SUDAN , CITING RAVE CONCERN
5) GENOCIDE SURVIVORS TURN INTO LOBBYISTS FOR DARFUR
6) MORE NATO SUPPORT FOR DARFUR SOUGHT
7) A RESPONSIBILITY WE ALL SHARE

___________________________________________________________________
I. R2P in the news
1) CITY OF CHICAGO ADOPTS RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT RESOLUTION

R2P Coalition
13 September 2006
Recognized One-Year Anniversary of Passage of UN Doctrine on Responsibility to Protect
First Local Government to Endorse the Responsibility to Protect and Support the Abolishment of Atrocity Crimes
The City Council of Chicago today passed a resolution that endorses the principle of the responsibility to protect, thereby taking a strong stand in favor of the abolishment of atrocity crimes. Its action, believed to be the first such action by a local governmental body, marks the one-year anniversary of the adoption of this revolutionary doctrine by the United Nations.

() n Chicago , we lead by example and this resolution demonstrates our commitment to protecting people and promoting tolerance and respect for humankind, said Mayor Richard M. Daley. eople in Chicago and around the world deserve to be treated fairly regardless of age, income, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic group or religious background.r Richard Cooper is the convener of the R2P Coalition, a not-for-profit, nonpartisan grassroots organization, headed by a group of internationally recognized leaders in global affairs, whose mission is to convince the American people and its leadership to embrace the responsibility to protect and thus put an end to atrocity crimes. As a result, the Coalition is working with political, human rights, religious and academic leaders locally, regionally and nationally to further the national discussion on this issue, including through the adoption of resolutions in support of the 2005 World Summit Outcome.
am delighted that Chicago s City Council has taken this action. Slavery was abolished two hundred years ago, and I believe that the time has come for atrocity crimes to also be ended. Chicago has always played a major role in human rights issues and the adoption of this resolution continues that long tradition. We Americans need to reclaim our moral authority within the world by taking leadership on the responsibility to protect and making it reality, said Mr. Cooper.
The resolution specifically calls for the President and Congress to effectively implement the World Summit Outcome declaration on the responsibility to protect, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on September 16, 2005 and reaffirmed by the UN Security Council on April 28, 2006. This responsibility to protect principle states that ach individual State has the responsibility to protect its populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. The resolution adopted by the General Assembly, and reaffirmed by the Security Council, further says that if leaders are not protecting their citizens, then the international community has the responsibility to step in and stop atrocity crimes from being committed. his truly is a doctrine that states that we are all each others keepers, said Cooper.
In the citys resolution, the Council resolved that it would:
- Strongly urge the President and Congress to commit the leadership of the United States government to effective implementation of the World Summit Outcome declaration on the responsibility to protect and to do so in part through strengthening of the preventive early warning capabilities of the federal government and to develop strategies and policies as outlined in the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document (U.N. Document A/RES/60/1) and in the Security Council Resolution 1674 (2006) to ensure that the responsibility to protect populations has both credible meaning and effect, and that the United States is in the forefront of its domestic and global application;
- That the President should initiate discussions with the permanent and non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, the members of the United Nations General Assembly and in separate forums with the governments of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the European Union, the African Union, the Organization of American States, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations respectively, to develop coordinated strategies for regional efforts to implement the responsibility to protect, and that Congress should express its full support for these discussions by joint resolution; and
- That copies of this resolution be sent to the President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, the mayor or each city member of the United States Conference of Mayors, each member of the Illinois congressional delegation, the President and Vice President of the United States, the U.S. Secretary of State, the U.S. Secretary of Defense, and the U.S. Permanent Representative of the United Nations.

City Council resolution at the R2P Coalition website:
http://r2pcoalition.org/media/R2PresChicago.doc
Full Text:
http://r2pcoalition.org/index.php?optionfiltered=com_events&task=view_detail&agid=8&year=2006&month=09&day=13&I
_________________________________________________________________________________________
II. Darfur



1) SUDAN SANCTIONS BILL PASSES IN HOUSE, HEADS TO PRESIDENT

The Associated Press
By Sam Hananel
26 September 2006

The House on Monday approved a bill that would impose sanctions on the government of Sudan, as lawmakers warned that tougher action is needed to stem the death and suffering in that nation's Darfur region. The bill, passed by unanimous consent, authorizes sanctions against anyone President Bush determines is responsible for atrocities and war crimes in the conflict that has left more than 200,000 people dead and 2.5 million homeless since 2003.The Senate passed a nearly identical measure last week and is expected to endorse the House version this week, sending it to the president's desk for his signature.
Penalties under the measure include blocking assets, refusing to grant Sudanese officials entry to the United States and preventing certain ships from entering U.S. ports. The legislation encourages Bush to deny the government of Sudan oil revenues and access to military equipment.()
"The measure also asks the United Nations Security Council to suspend the Sudanese government's rights and privileges of membership in the U.N. until it agrees to halt attacks against its people.
Passage of the sanctions bill had stalled over language in the House version that would have encouraged the growing movement in some states to divest from companies doing business with Sudan. The Bush administration insisted the provision be removed due to legal questions of whether state divestment interferes with foreign policy. ()
Natsios met Monday with Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, R-Tenn., and other lawmakers to discuss his mission and how Congress can continue to work on the issue.
Full Text:
http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/U/US_SUDAN_SANCTIONS?SITE=CAACS&SECTIonfiltered=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT



2) SUDAN TO DEPLOY NEW FORCES ALONG WITH AU TROOPS IN DARFUR : PRESIDENT

Agence France Presse
25 September 2006

Sudan will deploy new integrated forces in Darfur to work alongside African Union peacekeepers in providing security in the region, President Omar al-Beshir said late Sunday.
The integrated units of "the army, police and security forces will be responsible for keeping peace and stability in Darfur region," said Beshir. These units will operate in the presence of the African Union forces to which he said his government "will not accept any substitute," reiterating his opposition to a proposed transition to a UN force.
"We continue supporting the African forces and the UN can support those forces logistically and materially," said Beshir, slamming the UN force as "an American-engineered conspiracy to turn the Sudan into another Iraq . ()
"Those parties which allege 300,000 people were killed in the conflict are lying and I defy anyone to prove that figure. The number of the dead all through the conflict has not exceeded 10,000 on both government and rebel sides," Beshir asserted. ()
Beshir also said his government had decided to impose as of Monday travel restrictions on US diplomats in the country, limiting them to movement within 25 kilometers (15 miles) of the center of the capital Khartoum , in response to similar restrictions imposed on Sudanese diplomats in the United States . ()
Full Text: Unavailable


3) SPECIAL REPORT: SUDAN THREE YEARS OF CARNAGE' 200,000 DEAD' 25 MILLION DISPLACED' ONE QUESTION

Independent on Sunday ( London )
David Usborne
24 September 2006
... why, when Condoleezza Rice wants action and the West wants an end to the violence, is the UN silent?()Western leaders vowed this weekend to stop the violence in the Darfur region of Sudan as they left New York after the annual United Nations opening conclave. But once again they were unable to summon any agreement on how exactly they mean to do it.
Their paralysis was on display late on Friday at a special UN Security Council meeting convened by Condoleezza Rice, the US Secretary of State. "The violence in Darfur is not subsiding: it is getting worse," Ms Rice said. "If the notion of our responsibility to protect the weakest and most powerless among us is ever to be more than an empty promise, then we must take action to save lives." Yet the meeting, attended also by African and Arab countries, broke up with no one able to say with confidence that the action Ms Rice speaks of will be forthcoming any time soon. And all the while, the news from Darfur worsened. UN monitors reported new bombing raids on villages in northern Darfur and incidents of sexual assault and harassment further south. ()

Full Text: http://news.independent.co.uk/world/africa/article1726099.ece



4) SECURITY COUNCIL EXTENDS THE MANDATE OF THE UN MISSION IN SUDAN , CITING RAVE CONCERN

UN NEWS
22 September 2006

Expressing rave concern over the worsening humanitarian situation in Darfur, the Security Council today extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) until 8 October, while also expressing its intention to renew it further.
The 15-member body voted unanimously on the move, which comes just two days after the African Union (AU) extended its mission in the strife-torn region until the end of this year. It also follows a recent warning from Secretary-General Kofi Annan that Darfur is heading towards disaster unless UN peacekeepers are allowed in.
The current UNMIS mandate was set to expire on Sunday and todays resolution also noted with eep concern restrictions placed on its movements and materiel, while further eaffirming the Councils commitment to Sudan s sovereignty, unity, independence, and territorial integrity, as well as to the cause of peace. ()
Full Text: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=19982&Cr=sudan&Cr1=


5) GENOCIDE SURVIVORS TURN INTO LOBBYISTS FOR DARFUR

Jewish Journal
by Sarah Price Brown
22 September 2006

Eli Wiesel and George Clooney have spoken out about it. Protesters have rallied against it. Even an online game seeks to draw attention to the ongoing genocide in Sudan 's Darfur .

Now, a local group is taking a different approach to turning the world's eyes toward the Sudanese government-sponsored violence that has left hundreds of thousands dead, more than 2 million displaced, villages destroyed and tens of thousands of women beaten and raped.
Jewish World Watch, a consortium of 44 synagogues in Southern California committed to fighting genocide, has decided that it is time to put a face to the anonymous victims.

Last week, the group assembled survivors of attempted genocides around the world, including the Holocaust and the mass killings of Bosnians, Cambodians, Armenians and Kurdish Iraqis. Volunteers and survivors boarded a couple of vans and embarked on what they called a "caravan of peace." Timed to coincide with the opening of the 61st session of the United Nations General Assembly, Jewish World Watch arranged for the survivors to meet with diplomats from seven U.N. member countries.

One group of survivors met with officials from Great Britain , Greece and France in the morning, while another group met with representatives from Spain , Argentina , South Africa and Peru in the afternoon. All the countries but Spain and South Africa are members of the U.N. Security Council, which has the power to make decisions that U.N. member countries are required to carry out.

() And then, there they were, face-to-face with British Vice Consul Angus Mackay. "Here we have the different faces of genocide from the past 100 years," Kamenir-Reznik told him. "Not only were they victims of horrible governments," she said, "but they were also victims of the world standing by." ()
Full Text: http://www.jewishjournal.com/home/preview.php?id=16517



6) MORE NATO SUPPORT FOR DARFUR SOUGHT

The Associated Press
By Nick Wadhams
21 September 2006

The president of the African Union asked NATO on Thursday to give more support for its peacekeepers in the violence-wracked Darfur region, NATO Secretary-General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer said.
Scheffer said NATO should "answer positively and favorably" to the request from Republic of Congo President Denis Sassou Nguesso, who currently leads the African Union. He promised to take it back to officials at the alliance headquarters in Brussels . ()
A decision to extend more NATO support to the African Union mission in Sudan would not require new approval from the alliance's member states. The details would be worked out by its military planners, said Daniel Fried, U.S. assistant secretary of state for Europe . ()

Both Scheffer and Fried stressed that NATO involvement would not involve sending alliance troops to Darfur . Still, Fried said, planners should rule nothing out -even though such a move would almost certainly be opposed by al-Bashir and is highly unlikely.

Full Text:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/21/AR2006092101716.html



7) A RESPONSIBILITY WE ALL SHARE

UN News
By Kofi A. Annan
18 September 2006

The glimmer of hope that many of us felt when the Darfur Peace Agreement was signed four months agolbeit by only two of the partiess being extinguished by renewed fighting among the factions. In violation of the Agreement, thousands of Sudanese government troops have been deployed to the area, and it has been subjected to renewed aerial bombing.
I strongly condemn this escalation. The Government of Sudan should stop its offensive immediately. All parties should perform what they have promised and abide by the resolutions of the UN Security Council. ()

A year ago, world leaders meeting at the UN agreed that all states have the esponsibility to protect their populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. The Government of Sudan, if it fails in this sacred responsibility, will face opprobrium and disgrace throughout Africa , indeed throughout the world. Neither those who decide such policies, nor those who carry them out, should imagine that they will not be held accountable.
Once again I urge the Government to avoid this, by accepting the Security Council's decision to deploy a UN peacekeeping operation, which would be better equipped and funded than the current African Union mission, and have a clearer mandate to protect those in danger. ()
Putting the extra UN troops in place will in any case take time. Therefore the Security Council also called for strengthening the African Union mission (AMIS), so that it can carry on until the UN arrives. The Africans have repeatedly asked for this transition, but have been equally clear that in the meantime their troops, who have performed valiantly in very difficult conditions, need more resources.
The UN and the AU have therefore agreed on a package of UN support for AMIS, to ensure that it can continue its work during the crucial transition period. But it will also need increased support from its direct partners in the donor community including the League of Arab States, which has offered vital backing, while voicing its conviction that AMIS should stay until the end of the year. ()

Full Text: http://www.un.org/News/ossg/sg/stories/articleFull.asp?TID=57&Type=Article



 

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