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International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect
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Libya: Protect Vulnerable Minorities & Assist Civilians Harmed
Refugees International
8 November 2011
With the death of Muammar Gaddafi, a long-standing dictatorship has come to an end. 

The majority of Libyans are celebrating a new future; but certain groups – including suspected loyalist civilians, sub-Saharan Africans, and ethnic minorities – remain displaced and vulnerable to violent attacks. The National Transitional Council (NTC), the current de facto government of Libya, lacks command and control over all armed groups, including those responsible for revenge attacks. As such, the NTC cannot yet establish or maintain the rule of law. The plight of these vulnerable civilians foreshadows challenges to reconciliation, integration, and equal treatment of all in the new Libya. Further, civilians suffering losses during hostilities have not been properly recognized or assisted (…)
Policy Recommendations:
  • The Libyan authorities should work with UNSMIL, IOM, the U.S., and other donors to provide protection for displaced sub-Saharan Africans, including through the adoption of migrant-friendly policies and compliance with human rights obligations.
  • The Libyan authorities should work with UNSMIL, the U.S., and other donors to protect displaced dark-skinned Libyans, foster reconciliation, and provide long-term solutions for them.
  • The Libyan authorities should request long-term technical and financial assistance from NATO, the U.S., and UNSMIL to develop an effective security sector capable of protecting civilians.
  • NATO must fully and transparently investigate – and, when appropriate, make amends for – civilian harm incurred as a result of its military operations in Libya. Similarly, the Libyan authorities should ensure all civilian conflict-losses are accounted for and amends offered to help civilians recover. 
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