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New U.S. Policy Needed for Sudan, South Sudan
Enough Project
4 August 2011
(…) The partition of Sudan creates a major opportunity for a re-set in U.S. policy toward both Sudan and South Sudan, the Enough Project said in a new paper. The urgent human rights crisis in the Nuba Mountains, the continuing emergency in Darfur, the successful secession of the South, and the political reforms sweeping across North Africa and the Middle East provide unprecedented entry points for the U.S. and other interested parties to finally address the root causes of Sudan's cyclical conflicts.
The paper, “A New U.S. Policy for Two New Sudans,” explains the region’s disparate conflicts in the Nuba Mountains, Abyei, Darfur, Blue Nile and within South Sudan and calls on a comprehensive approach to ending these crises and dealing with the instigators in the Khartoum government. (…)
The essay asserts that U.S. policy towards Sudan and South Sudan needs to be rooted in the responsibility to protect civilians. Prendergast calls on the Obama administration to consider all options to protect civilians from terrorizing airstrikes. Options that should be considered include a no-fly zone, targeted strikes against government air assets that are carrying out attacks, and the provision of appropriate air defense capabilities for the Nuba.  Absent this, the cycle of war crimes will continue, moving from region to region as it fits Khartoum’s strategy, he said.
“A specific focus on the responsibility to protect civilian populations must drive and inform international action. (…) It is time to intensify a robust examination and discussion of all the options available to fulfill the international responsibility to protect mandate, with a focus on ending the air attacks and denial of food that are two of the primary tactics of the Khartoum regime in the Nuba Mountains.” (…)
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