Governments and the international community have often failed to prevent and halt serious crimes under international law including genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. The crisis situations listed below have led civil society, the UN and/or other national, regional and/or sub-regional actors to refer to or invoke the Responsibility to Protect.
The following compiled information related to crises where RtoP was referred to or invoked by civil society, UN and other actors does not represent the position of the International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect.
The situations in Gaza, Georgia and Somalia have also raised concerns from civil society, media and governments as to the extent to which crimes on the ground have reached a widespread and systematic level, arguably a determining factor for whether the RtoP threshold for an international response has been met. Some of the following crises have spurred debates as to whether RtoP was applicable to these particular instances.