Why France wishes to regulate use of the veto in the United Nations Security Council
Provision for a veto was made when the United Nations was created, in Article 27 of the United Nations Charter. Security Council decisions are adopted if nine members vote in favour, provided that none of the permanent members (China, the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Russia) votes against.
See the infographic "France and the UN Security Council”
2. Why regulate use of the veto?
In order not to merely accept paralysis in the Security Council when mass atrocities are committed. Because France is convinced that the veto should not and cannot be a privilege. It implies duties and a particular responsibility conferred by the United Nations Charter. It has been given to the five permanent members in order to foster cooperation between them so that the United Nations can forestall and resolve international conflicts, ensure effective compliance with international law and protect civilian populations.
3. What would regulation involve?
Proposed by the President of the Republic in 2013, regulation of use of the veto would mean that the five permanent members of the Security Council (China, the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Russia) would voluntarily and collectively undertake not to use the veto where a mass atrocity has been ascertained.
Being a voluntary measure, it would not require a revision of the United Nations Charter.