The UN Security Council refers to states' responsibilities regarding mass atrocity crimes twice in June
Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
25 June 2013
The UN Security Council held an Open Debate on Children in Armed Conflict on June 17, 2013 and on an Open Debate on Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict on June 24, 2013.
On 17 June the Security Council issued a Presidential Statement on Children in Armed Conflict that stated:
"The Security Council stresses that ending impunity and holding perpetrators accountable is a crucial element in halting and preventing violations and abuses committed against children and recalls the primary responsibility of States in that regard, including to hold accountable those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and other egregious crimes perpetrated against children." (…)
On 24 June the Security Council adopted a Resolution on Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict that stated:
"Recognizing that States bear the primary responsibility to respect and ensure the human rights of all persons within their territory and subject to their jurisdiction as provided for by international law; and reaffirming that parties to armed conflict bear the primary responsibility to ensure the protection of civilians, (…)
Notes that sexual violence can constitute a crime against humanity or a constitutive act with respect to genocide; further recalls that rape and other forms of serious sexual violence in armed conflict are war crimes; calls upon Member States to comply with their relevant obligations to continue to fight impunity by investigating and prosecuting those subject to their jurisdiction who are responsible for such crimes;" (…).
Read full article. Read full text of the Presidential Statement on Children in Armed Conflict (S/PRST/2013/8) and the full text of the Resolution on Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict (S/RES/2106).