Coalition for the ICC to hold panel event on International Justice Day
Coalition for the International Criminal Court
15 July 2011, 10am-12pm
Conference Room 2, North Lawn Building, UN Headquarters
The Coalition for the International Criminal Court held a panel discussion focusing on the ICC and the protection of civilians on July 15, 2011 in celebration of International Justice Day, reflecting on the link between international justice and the protection of civilians agenda including the Responsibility to Protect norm.
Panelists included: H.E. Mr. Christian Wenaweser, the Permanent Representative of Liechtenstein; Mr. William Pace, the Convenor of the CICC; Ms. Radhika Coomaraswamy, UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict; Ms. Charlotte Bunch, Gender Equality Architecture Reform Campaign; Mr. Donald Deya, Chief Executive Officer of the Pan African Lawyers Union; and Mrs. Barbara Plett, BBC UN Correspondent.
Specifically with regards to the Responsibility to Protect:
Mr. Donald Deya, Chief Executive Officer of the Pan-African Lawyers Union focused on the complementary role of regional judicial instruments. He noted the role played by the African Court for Human and People’s Rights in the Libyan crisis, which summoned the Libyan government in March and called for the cessation of human rights violations, to which Libya filed a response. Mr. Deya noted that regional action was crucial to pursuing international justice similar to the key role of regional organizations in implementing the Responsibility to Protect. Despite the central role of the UN, Mr. Deya explained that the AU Roadmap in Libya also implemented RtoP principles by offering a range of diplomatic, political, and financial measures. Mr. Deya admitted that while the effects of Resolutions 1970 and 1973 on RtoP are yet to be determined, there were concerns that the implementation of the Resolution went beyond the protection of civilians and now included regime change.
H.E. Mr. Christian Wenaweser, the Permanent Representative of Liechtenstein noted that the General Assembly had assembled for a dialogue on the role of regional organizations in implementing RtoP. He noted the commonalities and differences between the ICC and the RtoP mandate. Ambassador Wenaweser emphasized the preventative aspect of both RtoP and the ICC, but acknowledges the controversial nature of the third pillar because of the inclusion of use of force as a last resort. He underlined the narrow mandates of both the Rome Statute and RtoP, which apply to genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. RtoP and the ICC present clear overlap in their scope and the principle of complementarity within their mandates, thus reinforcing the role of the State in protecting its population.