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ICRtoP Listserv
2 August 2010
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I. President of the GA Convenes Upcoming Dialogue on Early Warning, Assessment and RtoP
1. Informal Dialogue based on Secretary General report to be held on 9 August 2010
III. Related Articles
1. Human Rights Watch -- Bar Entry or Arrest Bashir
2. BBC News -- Khmer Rouge Prison Chief Duch Found Guilty of Crimes Against Humanity

IV. Related Event
5 August - 27 October 2010 -- Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect Seminar Series, University of Queensland, Australia

In a letter released on 29 July, the Office of the President of the General Assembly notified all Permanent Missions and Permanent Observers to the United Nations that the informal interactive dialogue of the General Assembly on Early Warning, Assessment, and the Responsibility to Protect would be convened on 9 August 2010.

The informal interactive dialogue will be an opportunity to advance the General Assembly's consideration of RtoP, specifically regarding the gaps and capacities of the UN's early warning and assessment for genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.
While no details have been released concerning the format of the dialogue, we expect it to feature a panel of experts, including the Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, Francis Deng and the Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, Ed Luck as well as other panelists from inside and outside the UN system.

Click here to read the report of the Secretary General (A/64/864) that was released on 14 July 2010 in advance of the informal GA dialogue.

Click here to view our summary of the report of the Secretary General.
1. Member States refer to RtoP and to the Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide
UN Security Council
16 July 2010
On 16 July 2010 the Security Council held an Open Debate on optimizing the use of preventative diplomacy tools: prospects and challenges in Africa. Ghana and Australia referred to the Responsibility to Protect and Nigeria and Mexico recalled the work of the Special Advisor for the Prevention of Genocide in the following statement:
H.E. Mr. Leslie Kojo Christian, Ambassador (Ghana)
“To succeed in placing preventive diplomacy at the top of our agenda, we must also embrace a shift in thinking and new concepts such as the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing and the incitement of such acts. This was recognized by world leaders in their adoption of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document (General Assembly resolution 60/1) and also finds a place as a treaty principle in article 4 of the AU Constitutive Act.”
H.E. Mr. Andrew Goledzinowski, Ambassador (Australia)
 “Central to an effective system of conflict prevention is awareness of the situation, the ability to analyse that information and the political will to take action when needed. DPA plays an important role in collating and analyzing the necessary information. In extreme situations, the proposed joint office of the Special Advisers on the Prevention of Genocide and for the Responsibility to Protect, the creation of which we support, should serve to alert the United Nations system to emerging mass atrocity situations. It then becomes a question of political will.”
H.E. Mr. Claude Heller, Ambassador (Mexico)
“An illustration of the preventive work that we need in the Organization is the work that is being done by the Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide in his efforts to reach the international community and generate early warning mechanisms to prevent the irreversible deterioration of especially delicate situations internationally and especially on the African continent.”
Mr. Ajumogobia Minister of Foreign Affairs and President of Security Council (Nigeria)
“The Council recognizes the important role of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Offices in supporting national efforts to prevent conflicts and in addressing cross-border threats. The Council also recognizes the value the Ad Hoc Working Group on Conflict Prevention and Resolution in Africa continues to add to the process of embedding preventive diplomacy practices into the Organization’s conflict management architecture. In this connection, the Council recalls the role of the Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide in matters relating to the prevention and resolution of conflict. The Council emphasizes the need for the full engagement of all relevant actors, including civil society, to sustain the momentum and perspective for a meaningful preventive diplomacy framework.”
See all excerpts here, full statements available here
See concept paper presented at the debate and the Presidential Statement which requested the Secretary-General to submit within a report making recommendation on how to use the preventive diplomacy tools within the UN system and co-operation with other actors.
1. Bar Entry or Arrest Bashir
Human Rights Watch
21 July 2010
Chad should deny entry to Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir or arrest him for trial at the International Criminal Court should he visit the country, Human Rights Watch said today.  It has been widely reported in the media that al-Bashir is expected to travel to the Chadian capital N'djamena this week to attend a summit of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States. 
Al-Bashir is subject to two arrest warrants issued by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for atrocities committed in Darfur in Sudan.  The first was issued in March 2009 on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The second was issued in July 2010 on charges of genocide. 

(…)The treaty of the ICC, the Rome Statute, to which Chad is a state party, requires member states to cooperate with the court, which includes execution of arrest warrants.  The ICC has no police force and so depends on member states to enforce its orders.
Al-Bashir's visit to Chad would be the first time the Sudanese president has entered the territory of an ICC member state since the ICC arrest warrants for him were issued.
(…)"A political deal between Chad and Sudan is no justification for shielding alleged war criminals," said Keppler. "Instead of protecting a fugitive from justice, Chad should urge Sudan to cooperate with the ICC."
Click here to read the full story.
Click here to read Amnesty International’s Chad Must Arrest Sudanese President During Visit
2. Khmer Rouge Prison Chief Duch Found Guilty
BBC News
26 July 2010
Former Khmer Rouge prison chief Duch has been found guilty of crimes against humanity by Cambodia's UN-backed war crimes tribunal.
Duch, 67, whose full name is Kaing Guek Eav, was sentenced to 35 years in prison.
He had admitted overseeing the torture and execution of thousands of men, women and children at the notorious Tuol Sleng prison, and asked for forgiveness. (…)
Duch ran Tuol Sleng prison, where "enemies" of the Khmer Rouge regime were sent.
Up to two million people died because of the policies of the Khmer Rouge, which ruled Cambodia from 1975-1979.
Click here to read the full story.
Click here to read “Duch Verdict On 26/7/2010 Only Delivers Partial Justice” by Pou Sovachana, Professor, Paññāsāstra University of Cambodia
Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect Seminar Series (Semester II)
5 August – 27 October 2010
University of Queensland, Australia
The Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect Seminar Series for Semester II, 2010 begins in August. Speakers this semester include Prof. Charles Sampford (Director, IEGL, The Institute for Ethics, Governance and Law) and Dr. John Williams (Durham University, UK). The series begins on Thursday, 5 August, with a screening of 'Screamers,' a unique documentary about genocide and genocide prevention.

Click here to visit the APCR2P’s page on the Seminar Series.
Thanks to Evan Cinq-Mars for compiling this listserv

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