Report of the Secretary General on the Organization
New York, 2008
Secretary General Ban Ki-moons annual report for the 63rd General Assembly session reviews the United Nations work in development, humanitarian affairs, human rights issues, and the increasing amount of responsibility of the United Nations to provide international and global governance. Ban Ki-moon focuses on the leadership and commitment by the UN to eradicate global crises, from poverty and sustainability to climate change. A core topic in his report is that of human rights, genocide prevention, the responsibility to protect and good governance and democracy. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon devotes a section to R2P, and states the importance of enhancing accountability, understanding, and application by UN member states.
()The concept of the responsibility to protect was embraced by the 2005 World Summit and has been endorsed by both the General Assembly and the Security Council. It is sustained by the positive and affirmative vision of sovereignty as responsibility and rests on three pillars: the affirmation of Member States that they have a primary and continuing legal obligation to protect their populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, and from their incitement; the acceptance by Member States of their responsibility to respond in a timely and decisive manner, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, to help protect populations from the four types of crimes described above; and the commitment of the United Nations system to assist States in meeting these obligations. This past year, I instructed the Organization to begin to take the initial steps to ensure that the system has the flexibility and capacity to help Member States meet their commitments. I look forward to seeing this capacity institutionalized towards the end of the year. ()