In this issue...
- New Reports Illustrate Urgent Need for Action as Dire Humanitarian Situations Worsen in Iraq, Libya, and South Sudan
- ICRtoP Launches New LinkedIn Group for Professionals Working on the Responsibility to Protect
- New Blog from the ICRtoP: Three Years On, Libya Still Providing Lessons for RtoP Implementation
- ICRtoP Steering Committee Holds Sixth Annual Meeting
- Upcoming RtoP-related Events
South Sudan: Aid Agencies Warn of Famine Next Year as Upsurge in Fighting Imminent
36 Aid Agencies
6 October 2014
Thirty-six aid agencies forecasted that the number of people facing dangerous levels of hunger in South Sudan will rise by 1 million between January-March 2014, plunging the world’s newest crisis into famine. The agencies called for a stronger response from the international community to this man-made crisis, including through redoubling “diplomatic efforts to put real pressure on the parties to the conflict to end the fighting”. A significant step in this regard would be implementing an arms embargo.
Read the full report here.
Report on the Protection of Armed Civilians in Iraq
UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI)
2 October 2014
On 2 October 2013, the OHCHR and UNAMI released a joint report cataloging the gross human rights abuses and sectarian violence committed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)—as well as several violations by the Iraqi Security Forces—between 6 July-10 September 2014. According to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, the report’s documentation of ISIL’s direct targeting of civilians and civilian infrastructure, executions, abductions, rape, forced recruitment of children, denial of fundamental freedoms, etc. could amount to war crimes or crimes against humanity. Zeid thus recommended that Iraq accede to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and accept the ICC’s jurisdiction over crimes occurring in Iraq in the meantime.
To read the full report, click here. To read the press release, click here.
Ending Libya’s Civil War: Reconciling Politics, Rebuilding Security
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
24 September 2014
A new report from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace describes the entrenched “balance of weakness” between Libya’s political factions and armed groups, which has led to the outbreak of civil war. Now that Libya’s domestic landscape has been “torn apart by competing claims to power and with interference from regional actors serving to entrench divides”, the Carnegie report underscores that restoring stability in Libya and building a unified security structure will be difficult if not impossible without broad-based political reconciliation.” The report thus provides several recommendations for Libya’s leaders and the international community, including, inter alia, implementing a ceasefire between Operations Dignity and Dawn and securing the withdrawal of forces; pushing for a transitional government that is inclusive of all factions; and implementing a regional pact against military interference in Libya’s affairs.
To read the full report, click here.
The International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect (ICRtoP) has created a LinkedIn group for scholars, practitioners and civil society advocates of the Responsibility to Protect and related issues. As a network that consists of over 80 civil society organizations, ICRtoP believes in the importance of fostering networking and information exchange that promotes the prevention of genocide and mass atrocities.
Accordingly, in this group you can expect to find training and educational publications, events, and discussion on the norm and individual crisis situations. ICRtoP hopes to fill a critical gap in the many LinkedIn groups dedicated to human rights, conflict, and security by providing the community of those committed to RtoP and atrocities prevention with a space to interact.
We invite you to participate by sharing content, engaging in conversation, and spreading the word about the group’s existence.
All are welcome to join, which is as easy as clicking this link.
Three years after NATO’s 2011 intervention into Libya served as the first real test-case for the implementation of RtoP’s third pillar, Libya sits again at the precipice of civil war. In this regard, ICRtoP’s latest blog examines the new lessons on RtoP’s implementation that continue to emerge from Libya, including the importance of providing states with post-crisis assistance to prevent the reoccurrence of atrocity crimes.
Read the full blog here.
The ICRtoP Steering Committee met for its sixth annual meeting from 9-10 September 2014 in New York to discuss the key priorities for the ICRtoP Secretariat and Coalition as it seeks to advance the implementation of RtoP worldwide. The Steering Committee is composed of the Asia-Pacific Centre for R2P (Australia), Coordinadora Regional de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (Argentina), the East Africa Law Society (Tanzania), Human Rights Watch (USA), Initiatives for International Dialogue (Philippines), the International Refugees Rights Initiative (Uganda), the Pan Africa Lawyer’s Union (Tanzania), the Stanley Foundation (USA), the United Nations Association of the United Kingdom (UK), West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI), and the World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy (USA, Netherlands).
The Steering Committee discussed a wide range of topics, including normative debates on RtoP, country cases, and past and upcoming activities of the Coalition. The Committee highlighted the advantages of using the ten-year anniversary of RtoP in 2015 as an opportunity to reflect on successes and challenges for the implementation of the Responsibility to Protect and to reflect on the way forward for the norm’s advancement. The Secretariat will keep you informed of civil society initiatives surrounding the anniversary in future listservs.
Finally, the ICRtoP is pleased to announce that the term of the current Chair of the ICRtoP (the Pan-African Lawyers Union (PALU) through the representation of Mr. Donald Deya) has been renewed.
The Raoul Wallenberg Legacy of Leadership Lecture
Montreal Institute of Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS)
14 October 2014
MIGS is organizing a series of events to increase awareness about the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who is accredited with rescuing the lives of up to one hundred thousand Jews during World War II. The next lecture, which will feature Irwin Cotler, Jonathan Kay, and Irwin Studin, will take place on 14 October in Toronto, Canada. Click here to learn more.
Advancing Transatlantic Linkages on Responsibility to Protect and Mass Atrocity Prevention
15-17 October 2014
As part of their 55th Strategy for Peace Conference, the Stanley Foundation, in a collaborative effort with the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, will convene a conference on transatlantic linkages on RtoP focusing on “the complexities inherent in the transatlantic relationship, the disconnects between state policy and response to mass atrocities, assessment of state capabilities on the issue of international preventive action, and the capacity of state institutions to dedicate resources to mass atrocity prevention in a rapidly changing European landscape.” To learn more about the conference, click here.
Lecture: Dr. Jennifer Welsh on the Responsibility to Protect
The Hague Institute for Global Justice
23 October 2014
The UN Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, Dr. Jennifer Welsh, will give a keynote address at The Hague Institute for Global Justice in the Hague on 23 October 2014. Click here to learn more.
The Fourth Annual Gareth Evans Lecture with Navi Pillay
Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
29 October 2014
The Fourth Annual Gareth Evans Lecture will be held on 29 October in New York and will feature Ms. Navi Pillay, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. To learn more about the event click here.