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I. Crimes Against Humanity in Guinea

1. ICC Reports Guinea Massacre as Crimes Against Humanity

2. Guinea government denies claims of UN report

II. Conference on RtoP, Civilian Protection and Perspectives from Central Africa
1. Conference sponsored by LUKMEF-Cameroon, the ICRtoP, and Global Action to Prevent War

III. Related Events

1. The Mantle Calls on Sudanese Voices for Virtual Roundtable on RtoP

2. 2 March 2010- Nobel Women’s Initiative: International Tribunal On Crimes Against Women in Burma

3. 3 March 2010- Consortium on Security and Humanitarian Action presents Conference on State-building, Peace-building, and Humanitarian Action

1. ICC Reports Guinea Massacre as Crimes Against Humanity

BCC News

19 February 2010

The deputy prosecutor of the ICC, Fatou Bensouda, made the statement in Guinea after a preliminary investigation into the deaths in the capital, Conakry. Security forces have been blamed for the killings of more than 150 people at an opposition rally on 28 September. Ms Bensouda said, "atrocious crimes," had been committed by men in uniform. Senior members of the ruling military junta have also been implicated. (…)

"As the deputy prosecutor of the ICC, I end this visit with the feeling that crimes of the order of crimes against humanity were committed," Ms Bensouda said after her three-day investigation in Guinea. She described "atrocious crimes" at the stadium in Conakry during an opposition rally, when "men in uniform attacked civilians, they killed and wounded.” She said: "In full daylight they mistreated, violated and submitted women to unprecedented sexual violence." Based on what she discovered in her visit, the ICC could continue with its preliminary investigation, Ms Bensouda said. (…)

Read full article

2. Guinean Junta Reject UN Report on Massacre

Daily Nation

5 February 2010

Officials of the military junta regime in Guinea have issued a unilateral report in which they exonerate their leader from crimes against humanity in last year’s September massacre.
According to the report, only about 55 pro-democracy protesters were killed during the incident as opposed to 157 as stated by a United Nations report. The military junta report placed total blame on a renegade bodyguard, Lt Boubacar Diakité, who is still on the run following a failed assignation attempt on the country’s leader on December 3 last year. The report which was made public on Wednesday contradicts the one issued by the UN team which accused the country’s leader Captain Moussa Dadis Camara “crimes against humanity”.

Issuing the report to the international community including diplomats and UN representatives in Conakry, the interim military junta leader, General Sekouba Konaté, said the local investigators mostly military officers did an “excellent job”. Gen Konaté pledged that the army and other security agents in the country will pursue and arrest the runaway assassin, Lt Diakité and bring him to book for the massacre and also for attempting to kill the head of state.

The military junta’s investigation report which did not name any other culprit besides Lt Diakité also contradicts an earlier one by the United States-based Human Rights Watch which also accused the Guinean military junta leader along with several other senior members of the regime of the mass killings. The rights group, like the UN, insisted that the junta hierarchy planned and executed the carnage on prodemocracy protesters by closing the stadium and opening fire on the civilians, leaving 157 dead, over 1,000 severely injured, 44 missing and dozens of women and girls raped. (…)

Read full article

Read more about Guinea:

After Massacre, Guinea sees hopes of lifted chains, NY Times – 2 February 

Guinea Unveils Interim Government, BBC News – 15 February

II. Conference on RtoP, Civilian Protection and Perspectives from Central Africa

1. Yaoundé Conference: Civilian Protection, UN Peacekeeping, and Human Security: Perspectives from the Central African Region

LUKMEF-Cameroon, ICRtoP, Global Action to Prevent War

17-18 February

In a continued effort to promote National, regional and global peace and security, the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Foundation (LUKMEF-Cameroon) in collaboration with the Global Action to Prevent War and the International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect organized an African regional workshop at the Protestant University of Central Africa, Cameroon. 

The workshop brought together representatives from key government ministries (military, Police and civil), the civil society, diplomatic missions and international programs. It provided an opportunity to inform and build the capacity of the delegates on civilian protection, genocide prevention, Responsibility to Protect and the UN Emergency Peace Keeping project.

Major outcomes of the workshop included:

(1) The need to improve information flow between AU/UN member countries during policy development and implementation beyond state actors to include non-state actors and the general population.

(2) The need to improve Civilian-Military understanding and partnership in local, national/Regional peace and security issues.

(3) The need to maintain regular briefing for delegates and others on developments around the AU/UN on issues of peace and security that involve Civilian Protection, the Responsibility to Protect, genocide prevention and the UNEPS project.

(4) The need to step up national debate on the role of women in peace keeping operations and other peace processes (as Cameroon provides more and more personnel to most AU/UN peace keeping operations).

(5) The delegates adopted to constitute as a working group on Civilian protection, Genocide Prevention, Responsibility to Protect and other AU/UN peace and security issues, mandates and deliberations.

Following the outcome of the Yaounde workshop and the need to increase understanding and greater participation in the eventual implementation of these outcomes, a two-hour speaker session was organized on Saturday, 20 February at the Government teachers Training school in Buea.

The session brought together members of the civil society, faculties, and the Religious communities.

After debriefing on the Yaounde workshop outcome, participants expressed their support and committed themselves to join and participate in actions relating to the implementation of the outcomes. They also pledged participation in Peace and Human security issues, as well as other local, national and regional concerns on civilian protection, Responsibility to protect and Genocide prevention. These speaker sessions are planned for all state Universities in 2010.
The full workshop report and recommendations will be published here shortly.
1. The Mantle Calls on Sudanese Voices for Virtual Roundtable on RtoP

The Mantle: a forum for progressive critique

10 February 2010

The Mantle, a forum for thought, is hosting a series of virtual roundtables where 4-5 participants from various backgrounds discuss chosen subjects. The more recent roundtables revolved around the UN doctrine on the Responsibility to Protect and the role of writers in conflict zones.

April 2010 is a momentous month for Sudan. From 5-12 April, nation-wide democratic elections will be held for the first time in 24 years, and a population that has seen genocide, war and famine will cast its vote for a future it hopes will bring peace and development. The elections mark one of the key milestones of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), a document signed in 2005 that effectively ended the country’s civil war. The purpose of the CPA was to radically change the country through democratization, development and the possibility of Southern secession. But it will be up to Sudanese citizens to decide how to shape their national identity from the country’s complex and sometimes chaotic mix of culture, religion and ethnicity.

The Mantle is looking for young professionals currently living in Sudan, preferably nationals, from different areas of the country, including Khartoum (North), Juba (South) and Darfur (West) to participate. Participants from other areas of the country would however also be welcome. Participants will discuss their experience with the CPA, and where they see the role of young leaders in the process. The will also discuss their hopes and fears about the upcoming elections, and how these affect their view of Sudan’s future and their own. The objective is to answer the above questions in 1200-1500 words, at which point authors exchange essays. Writers then have the choice to respond to the essays of their peers, and/or to respond to follow-up questions. Rebuttals are around 500 words.

2. Nobel Women’s Initiative: International Tribunal On Crimes Against Women in Burma

Nobel Women’s Initiative, Women’s League of Burma

2 March 2010

Under the leadership of women Nobel Peace Prize Laureates and their partner organization, the Women’s League of Burma, the Nobel Women’s Initiative is planning an International Tribunal on Crimes Against Women in Burma. The Tribunal is a women-directed and women-centered justice and advocacy initiative. Judges will head testimony from several women of Burma who will share their personal stories of surviving human rights violations and crimes under military rule in Burma.

Their voices and the findings and recommendations of the judges, will be directed to the Burmese regime and the international community. The Tribunal will provide a powerful spotlight on the oppression of women of Burma in order to support the development of a just and peaceful Burma.

This event will take place on 2 March 2010 from 9:00 am until 6:00 pm at the City Univeristy of New York (356 Fifth Avenue at 34th Street in New York City). The panel will be held in the Proshansky Auditorium in the Graduate Center and will be adjudicated by Dr. Shirin Ebadi (Nobel Peace Prize 2003, Iran), Jody Williams (Nobel Peace Prize 1997, USA), Adolfo Pérez Esquivel (Nobel Peace Price 1980, Argentina), Prof. Vitit Muntarbhorn (Chulalongkorn University, Thailand), and Dr. Heisoo Shin (Former Expert, UN CEDAW, Republic of Korea).

3. Consortium on Security and Humanitarian Action presents Conference on State-building, Peace-building, and Humanitarian Action

Consortium on Security and Humanitarian Action,
NYU Wagner

3 March 2010
On Wednesday 3 March, the Consortium on Security and Humanitarian Action is presenting the 2010 Frontiers of Humanitarism conference entitled, Contradictions and Convergences in State-building, Peace-building, and Humanitarian Action. The conference will take place at the Puck Building in the Rudin Family Forum for Civic Dialogue on the second floor, located at 295 Lafayette Street at Houston Street in New York. 

The Consortium is a joint endeavor of the Humanitarian Affairs Program at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs; the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York; the Institute for International Humanitarian Affairs at Fordham University; and the Center on International Cooperation, the Center for Global Affairs, and the Wagner Graduate School of Public Service at New York University.

These different organizations will be presenting lectures during the day from 8:45 am until 3:15 pm, with breakfast beginning at 8:00 am. Topics include, state-building and post-conflict reconstruction, the ethics involved in peacebuilding, and institutions involved in rebuilding.

for the conference. 

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